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Amateka n'umuco IBITEKEREZO

Ibitekerezo ku itorero ry’Igihugu, Chairman Bamporiki yanyunganira

Yuhi IV Musinga (left), Mwami, or king of Rwanda, at a ceremony held in Kigali, Belgian Congo (now Rwanda), circa 1930. (Photo by Paul Popper/Popperfoto/Getty Images)

Nshimishijwe n’uko ubuyobozi bw’igihugu bwifuje ko u Rwanda n’Abanyarwanda bagaruka ku muco wabo ukaba ishingiro ry’izindi ngeri z’imibereho yabo (instauration du cadre de structuration du champ social de la nation), nkaba naragize igitekerezo ndetse nkaba nsaba ubuyobozi bw’itorero ry’Igihugu cyane Chairman Bamporiki ngo anyunganire kuri ibi nibaza:

Gutanga ibitekerezo kuri urwo rwego, imikorere yarwo ndetse n’umusaruro uzavamo ndetse n’imbogamizi urwo rwego rwazahura nazo.

Ikibazo cya mbere : Kugaruka k’Umuco. (quête des fondements)

Mu bumenyi bwa muntu ubana n’abandi muri société (anthropologie) bavuga kw’ iyo ubuyobozi cyangwa umuntu ashaka gushinga uburyo bugenga imbaga y’abantu . Mu ngeri za politiki, mu mibereho n’imibanire m’ ubutabera (mise en place des ordres ,:politique, social, juridique etc..) agomba gushingira byanga bikunze ku mahame shingiro (fondements) .

Fondements rero ziba ebyiri : Fondements philosophiques, cyangwa amahame y’iyobokamana, tugarutse ku gitekerezo cyiza cyo kugarura abanyarwanda k’umuco wabo, nibajije nti, ni ayahe mahame shingiro (fondements) umuco nyarwanda uhagurukiyeho ? Urwego rw’Itorero rwitwaje ayahe mahame ? ni aya philosophia ? cyangwa ni ay’iyobokamana? (religieux) cyane kw’idini rya kinyarwanda ritakibaho, ritakizwi n’abanyarwanda.

Prof Mohamed Arkoun avuga kw’iyo izo ordres zidashingiye kuri ziriya fondements ebyiri ibisigaye bishingira ku mahame ya politiki ariho hava icyo yita fondamentalisme kuko fondements zisanzwe ziba zabuze.

Imbogamizi nibajije nti hazababo ihangana ry’imbaraga n’ibisigisigi : ababitsimbarayeho n’ababyigizayo (Confrontation des Puissances et des résidus) bavuga ko sosiyete ari isibaniro ry’imbaraga (société est l’espace de confrontation des puissances en opposition dialectique) Icyitonderwa : Twibukiranye k’umuco nyarwanda watekerejwe ugashyirwa mu bikorwa nka tradition vivante mu bantu bavuga batandika (de tradition orale,) biyobowe n’ubutegetsi bwa Cyami bushingiye ku miryango nyarwanda. (société semi-segmentaire) iyo imbaraga zihanganye cyangwa zihabanye (bibyara kwihagararaho (résitences).

Ubutegetsi : aha ndavuga imiterere y’ubutegetsi bwa Repubulika bwasimbuye ubwa gikolonize bwashenye umuryango nyarwanda ugatakaza indangagaciro kugeza ubwo tugeze kuri génocide. Muri iyi ngeri itorero rikwiye kudufasha kureba niba uburyo tugena abayobozi buhuye n’Umuco nyarwanda. Aha ndavuga ibijyanye na demukarasi nyaburayi ishingira kuri nyamwinshi y’abatora bikaba byatuma nyamuke ihababarira kandi ntigire ubundi buryo bwo kwirengera no kwigobotora.

Imbaraga zo kwandika (écriture). Aha ndashaka kuvuga umuco wo kwandika wakuyeho umuco uganira, (tradition orale) yatumaga ibitekerezo, indangagaciro zimenyekana muri rubanda, aho byandikiwe kandi gusoma ari bicye, byinshi ntibyongera kugera kuri rubanda maze burundu. kubitakaza ni ugutakaza gihamya y’ibyabayeho mbere byashinze bikanashyigikira umuco wacu ya témoignage ya patrimoine (kwandika bihangana no kuvuga)

Umuco wa gihanga (culture savante). Aha ndavuga umuco wo kwiga, kwandika, communication n’ikoranabuhanga, bigera ubwo utari muri izo ngeri asigara nta mwanya afite muri bantu, kandi aba nibo benshi mu gihugu , itorero rizirikana rite guhuza ibi bice byombi ntawe urenganye cg ngo ahatere agaciro (i gamba z’ibikorwa)

 

Icyitonderwa: Nibutse k’umuco bawubamo ntuba mu bitabo uba mu bantu (vivante)

Imbaraga z’amadini y’amahanga (orthodoxie religieuse), abanyarwanda ba none babarizwa mu madini y’amahanga, ntawe uzi ishingiro ry’Imiterere y’idini rya kinyarwanda, n’urivuze aryita idini rya gipagani ryo kuraguza no guterekera, ibi rwose ni ukudasobanukirwa idini icyo ari cyo, nkuko nabivuze, idini niryo ryari ishingiro ry’umuco nyarwanda nka symbolique uhagurukiyeho kuko, idini ariryo rigena fondements z’umuco.

 

None itorero ryumva rizagarura rite abanyarwanda bafite symbolique mu madini y’amahanga noneho bakaba abanyarwanda b’umuco wabo kandi bagendera ku ndangagaciro z’andi madini ? izo mbaraga: Leta, écriture, culture savante, orthodoxie y’amadini akuraho fondements z’umuco w’ibihugu byose si u Rwanda gusa.

 

Itorero rizitwara rite ku bibazo bikomeye bifite imizi muri fondements z’amahanga dushingiraho ibyacu kandi twasinyiye? uburenganzira bw’umwana (droits de l’enfant) k’umwana mu muco ari uw’igihugu akarerwa na buri mubyeyi none tukaba tugeza aho na Mwalimu atagifite ijambo k’umwana w’abandi, ikibazo cya Gender, imyumvire ya gender ihabanye n’agaciro k’umuryango mu muco nyarwanda ? Itorero rizabyifatamo rite ? ikibazo éthique politique : umunyapolitiki yitwara ate ? avuga iki ? ate ? mu ruhame ?

 

Ikibazo cy’intwari ?

Iki munyemerere nzakigarukeho mu nyandiko yiharihe kuko mu muco nyarwanda intwari ni iyatabarutse amahoro ku rugamba, none intwari mu cyerekezo cya none iwacu ni umuntu wakoze n’ibindi bintu akazarinda arunduka atarabitatira. ngirango iyi murabona ko ari muri concept ya Héros si intwari mu muco nyarwanda ? itorero rizatanga ibihe bisubizo ? Niba tudashingiye kuri fondements nyazo hano religieux, aho ntitwaba tugiye gusa kujya mu mahame ya politiki atazatuzanira ibyo twari dutegereje k’umuco wacu mwiza watugarurira ukanatugezaho ?

 

Ntagengwa Omar Servil umwanditsi w’inkuru

Ntagengwa Servil Omar

Izindi wakunda

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